A situational analysis of POPs in the Morogoro Hotspot Area was conducted by Tanzania Association of Public Occupational and Environmental Health Experts (TAPOHE) in 2011. Participatory survey methods including desk review, in-depth interviews with key informants, focused group discussions and participants’ observations were used to collect data. Additionally, soil and biota samples (plants) were collected for pesticide chemical analysis.
International SAICM Implementation Project (ISIP) ReportsUse keywords and countries to filter the projects.
In order to introduce the issue of mercury in the health care sector in the region, Paryvaraniya Vikas Kendra (PVK), in association with Toxics Link and the State Pollution Control Board of Gujarat, organized a series of awareness-raising workshops. The workshops focused on occupational health hazards of mercury, roles and responsibilities of important stakeholders, mercury phase-out plans and challenges, and mercury policies and the global initiative.
In this project, Ukrainian NGO MAMA-86-Kharkov researched the country situation as regards to mercury (its use, relevant laws, environmental and health hazards, etc.), and shared their findings at a conference they convened: "Chemical education in the context of chemical safety: the problem and prospects." During this conference, the seminar "Problems and prospects for the national implementation of the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM)” took place.
Eco-Sense conducted several activities as part of its continuing efforts to inform the public about the dangers of mercury pollution. These included translating five informative fact sheets about mercury (how toxic it is, how it is used by the health care industry, how one becomes exposed to it through fish consumption, how to manage small spills, and what alternatives exist) into Macedonian. Eco-Sense also contracted with the Chemistry Institute to test 33 hair samples for mercury.
A 3-day workshop was organized by Cameroon Pesticide Action Network to raise awareness about the FAO Code of conduct on the production, distribution and use of pesticides. Topics included a general background on pesticides, dangers of pesticide use on humans and the environment, pesticides registration in Cameroon, alternatives, the IPM concept and its implementation in Cameroon, etc. Civil society, Farmers' Associations, pesticides importers and distributors and government representatives attended.
As a way of promoting the safe handling of medical waste and mercury-containing equipment, BaliFokus began by assessing the handling of mercury-containing devices and general medical waste management systems in local hospitals. After administering surveys and examining hospital waste management policies, organizers educated hospital staff about the dangers of medical waste incineration and existing alternatives to mercury-containing equipment.
Through background literature and policy research, as well as extensive interaction and outreach with various regional level stakeholders, Asociación Argentina de Médicos por el Medio Ambiente (AAMMA) produced a comprehensive report about the situation of domestic mercury management. In addition, AAMMA prepared 18 flyers to accompany the document, to facilitate the dissemination of the concepts among the different actors involved.
Eco-Ethics International worked on community capacity building (centered in Owino Uhuru in Mombasa) that served to bring awareness and promote policy action concerning the dangerous levels of lead contamination (primarily through lead extraction from car batteries) that have been documented in the environment and in area residents.
JVE Cote Divoire conducted an awareness-raising campaign to educate workers, governent officials, and the general public about the risks of mercury exposure from human activity in the country. These activities include mining, burning of e-waste and medical wastes, and the use of cosmetics containing mercury. This was done in four phases: First, workers most at risk to mercury exposure were convened and educated about objectives of the project and the means used for its realization.
Balifokus conducted extensive qualitative and quantitative methods research to holistically document the process of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining (ASGM) activities in Indonesia. Specifically focused on ASGM practices in the context of mercury pollution and contamination, Balfokus activists used field interviews, direct observation, and document review to bring to light the many socio-economic and human rights impacts and abuses resulting from this method of gold extraction.
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DISHA conducted an overall awareness and education campaign to educate local hospital employees and high school science students about the proper handling of mercury. With direct collaboration from local government environmental agencies, a series of trainings and workshops educated individuals about the dangers of mercury, the proper way to handle mercury in case of a spill, and how to reduce mercury use by using alternative equipment. Educational print media was developed and tailored for each of the target audiences.
In this project Groupe d’Action pour la Promotion et la Protection de la Flore et la Faune (GAPROFFA) surveyed medical clinics, health centers and hospitals in three cities in Benin to understand what kind of devices containing mercury were in use, what the safety measures surrounding mercury were, and caregivers' general knowledge about mercury’s effect on health and the environment.
Continuing their research on highly toxic pesticide use in North Sumatra and Central Java, Gita Pertiwi conducted an overall assessment of the current pesticide situation. This assessment used survey, interview, and observation methods to document the types of pesticides currently in use, how they are used, and the health effects on those using them. In addition, Gita Pertiwi also conducted market research exploring the advertising and selling practices of distributors and local vendors of pesticides.
Continuing their work on mercury-related harms, Eco-Sense turned their attention to Veles, a city awash in mercury contamination (and other heavy metals) stemming from a now-defunct zinc smelter. Noting that the Veles smelter is often nicknamed the “Macedonian Chernobyl”, Eco-sense is committed to raising greater awareness in this heavily polluted area.
For this project, Association pour la Recherche et la Formation en Agro-écologie (ARFA) conducted field demonstrations for farmers in Burkina Faso on the effectiveness of the fungus Trichoderma as a way to move away from the use of highly hazardous pesticides. Additionally, they shared information on the Food and Agriculture Organisation's (FAO's) International Code of Conduct concerning the Distribution and Use of Pesticides, and distributed various information materials about non-hazardous pest control.
Although in Indonesia the monitoring of pesticide circulation is the responsibility of the local government, trade licenses are issued by the national government, which has led to the weakening of supervision of pesticides and violations of bans and restrictions. In this project, Gita Pertiwi aimed to determine the extent of circulation and trade of two banned household pesticides, Dichlorvos and Chlorpyrifos, by visiting shops and dealers in Solo city and Boyolali district.
As a second phase of their e-waste project, CES in Belarus initiated a pilot program on e-waste management in which battery collection containers were provided throughout Minsk. In conjunction, a media awareness campaign about the environmental effects of improper battery disposal and e-waste featured posters, leaflets, brochures, and a mobile exhibition. Additionally, news media and other NGOs were provided with information to help educate the public, including a series of interviews and information e-newsletters.
For this project, Pesticide Action Network- Mauritius (PANeM) aimed to raise awareness about mercury use in schools. To that end, PANeM published and distributed booklets on Mercury-Free Schools, and carried out lectures with questions and answers sessions during half-day workshops for higher secondary school students. About nine hundred students attended the workshops.
Baytuna Society conducted a number of activities to properly understand the current situation and dangers associated with mercury contamination in Jordan. These activities included a review of all legislation governing mercury, literature review of all research studies conducted in the country, informational interviews with government officials, and the staging of events targeting relevant stakeholders to ascertain levels of understanding about the issue.